First time mothers are especially vulnerable: Induction itself doubles a first-time mother’s risk of having a cesarean section.
For all women, induction of labor increases the use of forceps and vacuum extraction as well as rates of shoulder dystocia.
Women with a prior cesarean who are induced have a 33-75% risk of having another cesarean.
Induction of labor has been shown to increase the risk of uterine rupture for women with a prior cesarean scar.
Babies whose births are induced more often experience resuscitation, admission to the intensive care unit, and phototherapy to treat jaundice, which generally require separation from the mother.